Main Dish

'The Long Space Age' Takes Flight

May 28, 2017

Christina Sevilla, Alex MacDonald, hostess Juleanna Glover, Mackenzie Huffman (Photo by: The Georgetown Dish) Christina Sevilla, Alex MacDonald, hostess Juleanna Glover, Mackenzie Huffman
Elon Musk. SpaceX. Jeff Bezos. We think of private space exploration as an exotic new playground for superthinkers with the funds and ambition to pursue travel and life beyond Earth. But in his new book, The Long Space Age (Yale University Press, 2017), Alexander MacDonald, a senior adviser at NASA, turns that narrative on its head. He spins a riveting nonfiction yarn documenting the private “piety, pioneers and patriots” who launch the earliest exploration efforts starting the Space Age. Megafunding from the government is actually an afterthought, the more recent story, MacDonald says.

The Long Space Age by Alex MacDonald (Photo by: Amazon) The Long Space Age by Alex MacDonald
MacDonald steers away from the “’personality’ trap that has swallowed up some historians of American space exploration.” Instead, he follows the money, tracking the dollars that have fueled the journey into space. But this greatest of human endeavors is historically not motivated by money, MacDonald says. “The journey into space has been a journey of self-actualization for the individuals involved – some would argue for humankind as a whole – and one in which motivations have often been divorced from immediate pecuniary returns. This journey has been driven by individuals following their intrinsic personal reward, and reveling in the sense of adventure and challenge.”

Emilee Reynolds of CARE USA with Eve Conant of National Geographic (Photo by: The Georgetown Dish) Emilee Reynolds of CARE USA with Eve Conant of National Geographic
The book, whose publishing was supported by the foundation established in memory of James Wesley Cooper, a minister who graduated with the Yale Class of 1865, draws connections between religious pursuit and space exploration.

Take the Astronomical Observatory at what would become Georgetown University. “It was part of a larger trend of religious sentiment providing significant support for astronomy,” MacDonald writes. “Astronomy was an integral part of the natural theology of the period, with the immensity and order of the universe, as revealed by astronomy, being widely interpreted as a sign of God’s handiwork.”

Long before the first steps on the moon, Ben Franklin was thinking about space – and our relative insignificance in its context. His religious views, MacDonald writes, were shaped by his fascination with the cosmos. In “Articles of Belief and Acts of Religion,” in 1728 Frankin writes: “When I stretch my Imagination through and beyond our system of planets, beyond the visible fixed stars themselves, into that space that is every way infinite, and conceive it filled with suns like ours, each with a chorus of worlds forever moving round him, then this little ball on which we move, seems, even in my narrow imagination, to be almost nothing and my self less than nothing, and of no sort of consequence.”

Jeff Waksman of NASA and Lauren Worley of the ONE Campaign and formerly of NASA (Photo by: The Georgetown Dish) Jeff Waksman of NASA and Lauren Worley of the ONE Campaign and formerly of NASA
Later, practical motivations for exploration come into view. President Lyndon B. Johnson considered U.S. dominance in space a necessary element in America’s Cold War strategy. “One can predict with confidence that failure to master space means being second-best in the crucial arena of our Cold War world,” Johnson said. “In the eyes of the world, first in space means first, period; second in space is second in everything.”

Whether Musk and Bezos see their endeavors in space as practical, like LBJ, or spiritual, like Ben Franklin, The Long Space Age provides excellent context on a sparkling flight into space – exploration, that is.

Read more here.


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Poisoned, not Penitent: Russian Activist Urges U.S. to Stand Up to Putin

May 14, 2017

Two years ago, Vladimir Kara-Murza, a boyish former journalist and political activist in Russia, was mysteriously poisoned and fell into a coma. Three months earlier, his friend and ally, activist Boris Nemtsov, was murdered blocks from the Kremlin. Then Kara-Murza, who produced a documentary about Nemstov, was poisoned again. He survived. But as his young children scampered around his feet recently at a supper in his honor hosted by Juleanna Glover and Freedom House, the soft-spoken, Cambridge-educated Kara-Murza pulled back the curtain on the country that stands accused of interfering with U.S. elections – and the man at its helm, Vladimir Putin. Freedom House’s new President Michael Abramowitz, a former Washington Post journalist himself, conducted this interview:

ABRAMOWITZ: We’re thrilled that Vladimir Kara-Murza is here. Vladimir is the Vice Chairman of Open Russia, which is a group that we at Freedom House have been working very closely with over the last couple of years. They are fighting to restore democracy to Russia. He’s a person after my own heart, a former journalist, a fine journalist, and he made a terrific movie which I hope you will get a chance to see about his friend and ally Boris Nemtsov, who was assassinated in Moscow in 2015, just blocks from the Kremlin. He’s also been working very courageously, going back to Russia on a number of occasions – he has been involved in street protests against the Putin regime, and we’re grateful that he is actually physically with us. I want to give you a chance to say a few words.

Nicole Tisdale, hill staffer, and Roger Platt, US Green Building Council (Photo by: The Georgetown Dish) Nicole Tisdale, hill staffer, and Roger Platt, US Green Building Council
KARA-MURZA: Thank you, Juleanna and Christopher, and thank you Michael and Freedom House. When I saw the invitation to this dinner, I didn’t have the chance to protest that it was in my honor, but I’m going to go ahead and protest it now, because first of all it’s embarrassing, but also…this really is about Russia – not the Russia we all hear about in the media, the Russia of Vladimir Putin – the Russia that imprisons and murders people for their political beliefs, that falsifies elections and silences the media, that annexes and invades territories of other countries. But a different Russia – the Russia of those people, who have the strength and the courage and the conviction to stand up for what they believe in and do the right thing. The Russia of those tens of thousands of people – mostly young people – who marched out into the streets just a few weeks ago, despite the arrests, despite the intimidation, despite the pressure – to say no to Mr. Putin and his corruption and his autocracy.

That first official Russia too often overshadows the second one. And that of course is precisely Mr. Putin’s intention. He wants the whole world to think that Russia is only about him and his regime. In fact, they say it often. One of his aides was quoted a couple of years ago saying, “There is no Russia without Putin. That is an insult to my country. It’s also a lie. Russia is so much more diverse, so much bigger, and frankly so much better than Vladimir Putin and his regime.

ABRAMOWITZ: He’s entrenched in power, he’s been there for 17 years or so. Is there a future for democracy in Russia?

Kevin Baron, Defense One, Atlantic Media, Craig Gordon, Bloomberg, and Daniel Lippman, Politico (Photo by: The Georgetown Dish) Kevin Baron, Defense One, Atlantic Media, Craig Gordon, Bloomberg, and Daniel Lippman, Politico
KARA-MURZA: The answer is of course, “Yes.” And the regime knows it and that’s why they’re behaving the way they are. You know, we often hear how popular he is. That he has 86 or 90 or whatever percent popularity in opinion polls. And he’s so strong that he has no opponent. But I always like to judge this government by the way it behaves, not by phony opinion poll numbers. A government that really does have 86 percent, and that really is popular, wouldn’t need to falsify elections, would it? You wouldn’t need to silence any dissenting voices or beat up peaceful protesters on the streets of Russia for years now. That’s the behavior of a government that’s very insecure, and that knows that it’s only there in the first place because it silences all of its critics. Because there have been no free and fair elections in our country for the 17 years now that you mention. Almost a generation.  

There’s this other big stereotype – and I get really angry about it – that Russians somehow love the “strong hand” or “the whip” or whatever phrase is used. It’s simply not true. Every time there was anything resembling a free and fair election in Russian history, which admittedly was not, unfortunately, that often, anytime there was a choice between an autocratic option and a democratic option, the Russian people chose the democratic option every single time.

ABRAMOWITZ: We at Freedom House have done a lot of work on what are the tactics of authoritarians, an Erdogan in Turkey for example – have copied the techniques of Putin. What’s the key to how he’s been able to hold onto power for so long?

Alison Fortier and David Birenbaum, board members, and Daniel Calingaert, EVP, Freedom House (Photo by: The Georgetown Dish) Alison Fortier and David Birenbaum, board members, and Daniel Calingaert, EVP, Freedom House
KARA-MURZA: I’ve experienced it. He’s been really clever as an autocrat, there’s no question about it. The way he originally consolidated his power was the way that Mussolini devised it. Mussolini said, “Pluck the chicken feather by feather to lessen the squawking – don’t try to do it all at once.”

He began with the independent media. One by one he shut down independent television networks. Cleverly – because he would not have been able to do any of the other stuff if there was honest reporting about it. Then he went after the opposition, which was routed out of parliament in 2003, then began rigging elections, then he put [oil tycoon Mikhail] Khodorkovsky into jail, which was clear signal to anyone who dared to behave independently from the regime that that’s what awaits you if you do that. So he’s been doing it carefully. You know, there’s this analogy – sucking the air out of a room very slowly – he did it carefully. Now, there are no significant national independent media voices. We don’t have a single opposition member in our current parliament.  

ABRAMOWITZ: There’s been a lot of discussion about Russia in the news. Tell us in your opinion, why did Putin try this brazen effort to interfere with our elections? The intelligence agencies have unanimously concluded that there was this kind of effort. What was in his mind, why did he want to do this?

Julie Davidson, Elena Postnikova, Alex MacDonald, author, Charles Davidson, publisher, The American Interest (Photo by: The Georgetown Dish) Julie Davidson, Elena Postnikova, Alex MacDonald, author, Charles Davidson, publisher, The American Interest
KARA-MURZA: He’s tried to do this for a long time. Not necessarily here but in many other countries. So of course the first elections Putin began interfering with were Russian elections. We haven’t had a single free and fair election in Russia since 2000. That’s not me saying it, that’s the OECD saying it. Then he decided to go into countries like Ukraine and Georgia and Moldova and he tried to interfere in elections there. And then you know why not go for the gold? Why not try to do this in the most powerful democracy. Everything he’s been doing, both domestically and internationally he was at first very careful, looking for reaction. He was seeing what he could get away with. And he saw he could get away with anything. Both previous U.S. administrations tried to be friendly with him. George W. Bush looked into his eyes and saw something in there. (Laughter) Barack Obama declared a “reset” with Russia, so Putin got the message that it was okay. And it’s not just the U.S. It’s most western democracies.

Guests listen to intently to Vladimir Kara-Murza (Photo by: The Georgetown Dish) Guests listen to intently to Vladimir Kara-Murza
I remember three days after Putin pulled the plug on the last independent nationwide independent television network in Russia, he was given a royal reception, literally a royal reception, at Guildhall in London, with all the British government present. I was there because I was a journalist at the time. So I saw it.

So we can’t really blame him for getting the message that it’s okay, you can do whatever you want. First he got that message when he was doing things inside Russia, then inevitably he went outside Russia’s borders. That’s the way things usually are, because domestic repression is inevitably followed by external aggression. Because why should a government that disrespects its own citizens and violates its own laws.

Why should it be expected to respect other countries and not to interfere in other countries? So he’s been doing it for years and years and years. After Ukraine and Crimea, there’s finally been a change in the attitudes of Western governments. I guess it’s better late than never. But even now we’re hearing voices both here and in Western capitals saying “Let’s go back to business as usual. Let’s be friendly with Putin.”  

The only two things we ever ask from Western leaders is first to be honest and not pretend that Mr. Putin is a desired partner. And secondly, we ask Western leaders to stay faithful to the principals that form the basis of your own systems. For example, by not enabling the export of the corruption of the Putin regime to Western countries and to Western banking systems. By not giving a welcome to those people who abuse the rights Russian citizens and steal the money of the Russian taxpayers, but then find safe havens in Western countries – by buying luxury real estate in Western countries, and send their families over there, and go shopping and take vacations there.

And that’s why Boris Nemtsov called The Magnitsky Act the most pro-Russian (people's) law ever passed by a foreign legislature. I was very proud to work with Juleanna on that law.

(The law imposes sanctions on Russian officials who abuse human rights. It’s named for Sergei Magnitsky, the whistleblowing lawyer who was tortured to death in 2009. It passed the House on November 16, 2012, the third anniversary of Magnitsky’s death.)

That’s all we ask.

ABRAMOWITZ: Thank you for being here, Vlad.

Read more about Freedom House here, and and Open Russia here


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Innocents at Risk Sheds Light on Darkness

April 27, 2017

Mark Axmacher II, Cora Lee, Jennifer Axmacher, Ashraf Ghorbal (Photo by: The Georgetown Dsh) Mark Axmacher II, Cora Lee, Jennifer Axmacher, Ashraf Ghorbal
The annual Innocents at Risk Gala lit up the Organization of American States Wednesday, shining a bright light on a dark problem: human trafficking. Event Chairs Mark and Jennifer Axmacher II welcomed 200 guests to the sparkling black-tie event as guests sipped mojitos and glorious samba music played.

The Honorable Debbie Dingell, congresswoman from Michigan, with Richard Marks of the Innocents at Risk Advisory Board (Photo by: The Georgetown Dish) The Honorable Debbie Dingell, congresswoman from Michigan, with Richard Marks of the Innocents at Risk Advisory Board
Organization founder Deborah “Debbie” Sigmund first heard the phrase “human trafficking” while on holiday in Europe. Appalled by reports of traffickers who lured women and children away from their families with promises of a better future before beating, mentally abusing, and sexually exploiting them, Sigmund, a mother of five, decided she had to do something, forming Innocents at Risk in 2005. Later, she launched the Flight Attendants Initiative, training and coordinating thousands of airline personnel to identify victims and bring perpetrators to justice.

Innocents at Risk Founder Deborah Sigmund with Event Chairs Jennifer and Mark Axmacher II (Photo by: The Georgetown Dish) Innocents at Risk Founder Deborah Sigmund with Event Chairs Jennifer and Mark Axmacher II
“Debbie has done what no mere mortal could do,” said Nora Maccoby, a filmmaker who is developing a movie about Sigmund’s work. “If you had a few more people activating like Debbie, it would be a different world.” Sharon Stone or Charlize Theron have been identified as potential stars to play Sigmund in the film.  

Sigmund has tirelessly focused attention on the issue, working with law enforcement and speaking to audiences worldwide about this global scourge. Her message has resonated. “As relatively new parents, we’ve learned that it’s absolutely critical that we take care of our children around the world, wherever they are,” said Event Chair Mark Axmacher, managing partner of Capella Wealth Management.

Erin Haney, Antonio Alves, Mrs. Sandy Brock, former Sen. Bill Brock (Photo by: The Georgetown Dish) Erin Haney, Antonio Alves, Mrs. Sandy Brock, former Sen. Bill Brock
John Arundel of Washington Life with the Guttierez sisters, left to right: Karina, Edi and Erica (Photo by: The Georgetown Dish) John Arundel of Washington Life with the Guttierez sisters, left to right: Karina, Edi and Erica
Rep. Debbie Dingell (D-MI) and former Sen. Bill Brock (who served as U.S. Trade Representative and Secretary of Labor) and Mrs. Sandy Brock also expressed their support among the high-profile guests.

Ambassador of the Dominican Republic José Tomás Pérez and Mrs. Caridad de Pérez served as the Honorary Chairs of the event, leading a Diplomatic Committee that included 17 of the most high-profile embassies in Washington. Operation Underground Railroad was the Special Guest of Honor. NBC’s Barbara Harrison was the Mistress of Ceremonies.

Operation Underground Railroad includes former CIA, Navy SEALs, and Special Ops operatives to lead coordinated identification and extraction efforts, working with law enforcement throughout the world. Once victims are rescued, the priority is a comprehensive process involving justice for perpetrators and recovery and rehabilitation for the survivors. 

 

Dordon Dale, Connie Carter, and filmmaker Nora Maccoby (Photo by: The Georgetown Dish) Dordon Dale, Connie Carter, and filmmaker Nora Maccoby
Writer Mary Bird and photographer Neshan Naltchayan (Photo by: The Georgetown Dish) Writer Mary Bird and photographer Neshan Naltchayan


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